The fact that the conditions are not exactly the same means that an exact conversion is impossible unless the exact expansion coefficient of the crude is known, and this will vary from one crude oil to another. This is an … The Drake Well, the first oil well in the US, was drilled in Pennsylvania in 1859, and an oil boom followed in the 1860s. This page features online conversion from US beer barrel to gallon.These units belong to different measurement systems. Dry-weight barrels include the barrel of 200 pounds for fish, beef, and pork and that of 376 pounds for cement, among others. For example, one tonne of heavy distillates might occupy a volume of 6.1 barrels (970 litres; 256 US gallons). A Barrel of Oil. Production and consumption using this analogue is stated in barrels of oil equivalent per day (boed). [16] The 42 gallon standard oil barrel was officially adopted by the Petroleum Producers Association in 1872 and by the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Bureau of Mines in 1882.[9]. One barrel of oil is 158.987 litres (42 US gallons). Around 1866, early oil producers in Pennsylvania came to the conclusion that shipping oil in a variety of different containers was causing buyer distrust. It's a unit of measure, not a physical barrel. A barrel is one of several units of volume applied in various contexts; there are dry barrels, fluid barrels (such as the U.K. beer barrel and U.S. beer barrel), oil barrels, and so forth. Corrections? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …crude oil is measured in barrels of 42 gallons each; the weight per barrel of API 30° light oil is about 306 pounds. The cranberry barrel, however, measures 5,826 cubic inches. In the United States a 40-gallon barrel for proof spirits has been legally recognized, and federal taxes on fermented liquors are calculated on a barrel of 31 gallons. A barrel is the unit to measure oil. Crude Oil Measurement. In the United States, an oil barrel is defined as 42 US gallons, which is about 159 litres or 35 imperial gallons. Conversely, a heavy oil with a density of 934 kg/m3 (API gravity of 20) might only increase in volume by 0.039%. Some of these barrels would originally have been used for other products, such as beer, fish, molasses, or turpentine. In other commercial connections, barrel sizes such as beer keg volumes also are standardised in many countries. The task of converting this standard barrel of oil to a standard cubic metre of oil is complicated by the fact that the standard cubic metre is defined by the American Petroleum Institute to mean the amount of oil that at 101.325 kPa and 15 °C (59.0 °F) occupies 1 cubic metre. But when necessary, such volume is converted to a volume of oil of equivalent enthalpy of combustion. In liquid measure, the wine barrel of 126 quarts (31.5 gallons, or 119.24 litres) and the ale and beer barrel of 144 quarts (36 gallons, or 136.27 litres) probably were defined by the traditional size of the actual wooden barrels used in these trades. Temperature is measured in degrees Fahrenheit (°F). For instance the conversion factor set by the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) for Western Canadian Select (WCS) crude oil traded at Hardisty, Alberta, Canada is 6.29287 U.S. barrels per cubic metre,[22] despite the uncertainty in converting the volume for crude oil. Since different varieties of petroleum have different densities, however, there is not a single conversion between mass and volume. An oil barrel (bbl) is a measure of volume of crude oil and other petroleum products. One common term is barrels per day (BPD, BOPD, bbl/d, bpd, bd, or b/d), where 1 BPD is equivalent to 0.0292 gallons per minute. The cranberry barrel, however, measures 5,826 cubic inches. The energy contained in a barrel of oil is approximately 5.8 million British thermal units (MBtus) or 1,700 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of energy. Nearly all other countries use the metric system. Barrel, unit of both liquid and dry measure in the British Imperial and United States Customary systems, ranging from 31.5 to 42 gallons for liquids and fixed at 7,056 cubic inches (105 dry quarts, or 115.63 litres) for most fruits, vegetables, and other dry commodities. Oxygen enters a barrel when water or alcohol is lost due to evaporation, a portion known as the "angels' share". Barrel is an old English word for a big holder of liquids, such as petrol, beer, wine or oil.Barrels are most commonly made of either wood or metal but many are plastic. 1 cubic meter is equal to 1000 millistere, or 6.2898107438466 barrel [US, petroleum]. Some sources assert that "bbl" originated as a symbol for "blue barrels" delivered by Standard Oil in its early days. A barrel can technically be used to specify any volume. Today the barrel designation continues to be used, and while physical barrels are rarely used in the industry, the 42-gallon standard remains as an official, and iconic, unit of measurement in the petroleum sector. As a result, the meaning of corresponding words and related concepts (vat, cask, keg etc.) barrel: see English units of measurement English units of measurement, principal system of weights and measures used in a few nations, the only major industrial one being the United States. Also, 45-US-gallon (170 L) barrels were in common use. The first one is from U.S. Brewery Cask Units.The second one is from U.S. ", "Western Canadian Select (WCS) Crude Oil Futures", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Barrel_(unit)&oldid=969554363, Customary units of measurement in the United States, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2020, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Butter and cheese in UK, 224 pounds (102 kg), This page was last edited on 26 July 2020, at 04:15. In the United Kingdom and its former dependencies, a 44-imperial-gallon (200 L) drum is used, even though all those countries now officially use the metric system and the drums are filled to 200 litres. For ease of trading, communication and financial accounting, international commodity exchanges often set a conversion factor for benchmark crude oils. [19] At an oil refinery, production is sometimes reported as barrels per calendar day (b/cd or bcd), which is total production in a year divided by the days in that year. The nominal conversion factor is 1 cubic metre = 6.2898 oil barrels,[13] but conversion is generally done by custody transfer meters on the border, since the volumes are specified at different temperatures, and the exact conversion factor depends on both density and temperature. [14] Overall, the conversion is usually between 6 and 8 barrels (954 and 1,270 litres; 252 and 336 US gallons) per tonne. They generally quote prices in Canadian dollars per cubic metre to other Canadian companies, but use US dollars per barrel in financial reports and press statements, making it appear to the outside world that they operate in barrels. Then click the Convert Me button. When referring to beer barrels or kegs in many countries, the term may be used for the commercial package units independent of actual volume, where common range for professional use is 20–60 L, typically a DIN or Euro keg of 50 L. Richard III, King of England from 1483 until 1485, had defined the wine puncheon as a cask holding 84 gallons and a wine tierce as holding 42 gallons. The tun (Old English: tunne, Latin: tunellus, Middle Latin: tunna) is an English unit of liquid volume (not weight), used for measuring wine, oil or honey.Typically a large vat or vessel, most often holding 252 wine gallons, but occasionally other sizes (e.g. Your value gets instantly converted to all other units … For other uses, see, "Blue barrel" redirects here. [15], By 1872, the standard oil barrel was firmly established as 42 US-gallons. The measurement of an "oil barrel" originated in the early Pennsylvania oil fields. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It was a very large wooden barrel. If you need to convert US beer barrel to another compatible unit, please pick the one you need on the page below. These terms can refer to either the production of crude oil at an oil well, the conversion of crude oil to other products at an oil refinery, or the overall consumption of oil by a region or country. A barrel is one of several units of volume applied in various contexts; there are dry barrels, fluid barrels (such as the U.K. beer barrel and U.S. beer barrel), oil barrels, and so forth. WARNING: When performing a field measurement with a barrel still on the machine, DO NOT measure the barrel bore behind the feedport. In many connections the term drum is used almost interchangeably with barrel. This page features online conversion from US beer barrel to fluid ounce.These units belong to different measurement systems. In the United Kingdom, for instance, the measurement accuracy required is ±0.25%.[23]. Traditional and Commercial Barrel Sizes", "B.8 Factors for Units, Listed Alphabetically - Section B", "How much, for what, and ending up where? Your value gets instantly converted to all other units on the page. Outside of the oil industry, the unit Mbbl (megabarrel) can sometimes stand for one million barrels. Omissions? Crude oil, as shown in Figure 15, is measured in units of volume, weight and thermal energy. Oil companies that are listed on American stock exchanges typically report their production in terms of volume and use the units bbl (one barrel), or kbbl or Mbbl (one kilobarrel, one thousand barrels), or MMbbl (one million barrels), and occasionally for wider comprehensive statistics Gbbl (or sometimes Gbl), for giga-barrel (one billion barrels). As the US gallon since 1893 is defined as 3.785411784 litre, a volume of one barrel is exactly 158.987294928 litres. The name (and actually the unit of measure) is archaic. English units are the units of measurement used in England up to 1826 (when they were replaced by Imperial units), which evolved as a combination of the Anglo-Saxon and Roman systems of units. Then click the Convert Me button. Cubic metre is the basic volume unit in the International System. In California, “additional other petroleum products such as alkylates” are added to the crude to create a “processing gain,” such that: Severe damage can occur when the measuring head enters the feedport of the barrel. To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. In Canada, it is measured in cubic metres per day (m3/d). Normally, gas amount is measured in standard cubic feet or cubic metres for volume (as well as in kg or Btu, which don't depend on pressure or temperature). For crude oil having the same gravity, a metric ton is equal to approximately 252 imperial…. barrel United States liquid unit- a liquid unit officially adopted in the United States Customary System British capacity unit, Imperial capacity unit- a unit of measure for capacity officially adopted in the … In most countries such usage is obsolescent, increasingly superseded by SI units. One barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil from which, in the U.S., typically 19 gallons of gasoline are produced. The Weekly Register, an Oil City, Pennsylvania newspaper, stated on August 31, 1866 that "the oil producers have issued the following circular": Whereas, It is conceded by all producers of crude petroleum on Oil Creek that the present system of selling crude oil by the barrel, without regard to the size, is injurious to the oil trade, alike to the buyer and seller, as buyers, with an ordinary sized barrel cannot compete with those with large ones. 1 cubic meter is equal to 129.87012987013 measure, or 6.9831507396536 barrel [UK, wine]. To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. Liquid Measure. On the other hand, there are efforts to avoid this ambiguity, and most of the barrel dealers today prefer to use bbl, instead of Mbbl, mbbl, MMbbl or mmbbl. [a], Burning a barrel of light, synthetic, or heavy crude yields 38.51, 39.40, or 40.90 GJ (thermal) respectively, so 1 bpd of synthetic crude is about 450 kW (slightly less for light crude, slightly more for heavy crude).[21]. This is different from the SI convention where "M" stands for the Greek "mega", meaning "million". Maybe someone can find a picture in a museum. Alternative Title: caliber Calibre, also spelled Caliber, in firearms, unit of measure indicating the interior, or bore, diameter of a gun barrel and the diameter of the gun’s ammunition; or the length of a gun expressed in relation to its interior diameter (now used only of naval and coastal defense guns). We, therefore, mutually agree and bind ourselves that from this date we will sell no crude by the barrel or package, but by the gallon only. What is volume Instant conversions Conversion tables Rate conversions; 1 bbl = 0.0001288930976 ac-ft bbl>ac-ft ac-ft>bbl What is ac-ft; 1 bbl = 233 804.846 cap 0 bbl>0 0>bbl What is 0; 1 bbl = 176 652.55 cap 00 bbl>00 00>bbl What is 00 In the oil industry, following the definition of the American Petroleum Institute, a standard barrel of oil is often taken to mean the amount of oil that at a standard pressure 14.696 pounds per square inch (101.325 kPa) and temperature 60 °F (15.6 °C) would occupy a volume of exactly 1 barrel (159 L). Tun. Companies on the European stock exchanges report the mass of oil in tonnes. Using the approximate value 159 litre is about 0.013% off. The first one is from U.S. Brewery Cask Units.The second one is from U.S. Here is a formula to convert from °C to °F: + Units of weight and mass include the pound (453.6 grams), which contains 16 … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. For all other physical quantities, according to the International System of Units, the uppercase letter "M" means "mega-" ("one million"), for example: Mm (one million metres, megametres), MHz (one million hertz, or megahertz), MW (one million watts, or megawatt), MeV (one million electronvolt, or megaelectronvolt). When used to denote a volume, one barrel is exactly 42 US gallons and is easily converted to any other unit of volume. If physically measuring the density at a new temperature is not possible, then tables of empirical data can be used to accurately predict the change in density. A petroleum barrel of 42 gallons may have become standard in the American Southwest because casks of this capacity were readily available. If you need to convert US beer barrel to another compatible unit, please pick the one you need on the page below. In the oil field, it is often important to differentiate between rates of production of fluids, which may be a mix of oil and water, and rates of production of the oil itself. Custom had made the 42 gallon watertight tierce a standard container for shipping eel, salmon, herring, molasses, wine, whale oil, and many other commodities in the English colonies by 1700. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [7][8] The size of beer kegs in the US is based loosely on fractions of the US beer barrel. The same units is called board-foot in the U.S. and Canada and super foot or superficial foot in Australia and New Zealand. You can view more details on each measurement unit: barrel [US, petroleum] or millififth The SI derived unit for volume is the cubic meter. They decided they needed a standard unit of measure to convince buyers that they were getting a fair volume for their money, and settled on the standard wine tierce, which was two gallons larger than the standard whisky barrel. An allowance of two gallons will be made on the gauge of each and every 40 gallons in favor of the buyer. The name was derived in medieval times from the French baril, of unknown origin, but still in use, both in French and as derivations in many other languages such as Italian, Polish and Spanish. The diagonal depth of the sofa can be determined by first placing a straight edge from the highest point of the back frame (do not include pillows) to the front of the arm. Noun: 1. bbl - any of various units of capacity; "a barrel of beer is 31 gallons and a barrel of oil is 42 gallons" The abbreviations Mbbl and MMbbl refer to one thousand and one million barrels respectively. And by that means King Richard III's English wine tierce became the American standard oil barrel. Barrels are used to age wine, and other beverages such as whisky and beer.Most of those are made of oak wood.. A barrel is also used to measure liquids. https://www.britannica.com/science/barrel-measurement. drum [metric, petroleum] SI unit: cubic meter The SI derived unit for volume is the cubic meter. 1 cubic meter is equal to 4.803128204392 drum. In modern times, many different types of oil, chemicals, and other products are transported in steel drums. Thus, the 42 US-gallon oil barrel is a unit of measure, and is no longer a physical container used to transport crude oil, as most petroleum is moved in pipelines or oil tankers. Measure your furniture (or ask a store associate to measure for you). [9], In the worldwide oil industry, an oil barrel is defined as 42 US gallons, which is about 159 litres,[10] or 35 imperial gallons.[11]. A dash is part of a teaspoon. You can view more details on each measurement unit: measure or barrel [UK, wine] The SI derived unit for volume is the cubic meter. In many connections the term drum is used almost interchangeably with barrel. In other circumstances, it can be important to include gas in production and consumption figures. Sofas: Measure the width (A) and diagonal depth (B). Standard Barrel Act For Fruits, Vegetables, and Dry Commodities, "U.S. The logic above also implies the same level of accuracy in measurements for barrels if there is a 1 °F (0.56 °C) error in measuring the temperature at time of measuring the volume. Since the actual nature of the fluids being measured varies along the stream, sometimes qualifiers are used to clarify what is being specified. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [12] There is a conflict concerning the units for oil barrels (see § Definitions and units). For the cactus known as the "blue barrel cactus", see, Accuracy when converting from barrel to cubic metre. This is a conversion chart for barrel (U.S. Dry Measure). 2: Enter the value you want to convert (US beer barrel). After the American Revolution in 1776, American merchants continued to use the same size barrels. When oil production began, there was no standard container for oil, so oil and petroleum products were stored and transported in barrels of different shapes and sizes. 1 US liquid gallon = 231 cu in and 1 inch = 25.4 mm implies exactly 158.987294928 litres. An "aging barrel" is used to age wine; distilled spirits such as whiskey, brandy, or rum; beer; tabasco sauce; or (in smaller sizes) traditional balsamic vinegar. Other terms are used when discussing only oil. In turn, this allows maximum accuracy when converting between standard barrel and standard cubic metre. Some products have a standard weight or volume that constitutes a barrel: Fluid barrels vary depending on what is being measured and where. These units are sometimes used to measure the volume of lumber in Great Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. In contrast, one tonne of crude oil might occupy 6.5 barrels (1,030 litres; 273 US gallons), and one tonne of gasoline will require 7.9 barrels (1,260 litres; 332 US gallons). In the case of water-injection wells, in the United States it is common to refer to the injectivity rate in barrels of water per day (bwd). The Standard Oil Company shipped its oil in barrels that always contained exactly 42 U.S. gallons. Both the 42-US-gallon (159 L) barrels (based on the old English wine measure), the tierce (159 litres) and the 40-US-gallon (151.4 L) whiskey barrels were used. Outside the United States, volumes of oil are usually reported in cubic metres (m3) instead of oil barrels. Elsewhere oil is more commonly measured in cubic metres (m³) and less commonly in tonnes. A standardized hogshead measured 48 inches (1,219 mm) long and 30 inches (762 mm) in diameter at the head (at least 550 L or 121 imp gal or 145 US gal, depending on the width in the middle). This is a conversion chart for barrel (liquid) (U.S. Measure). An oil barrel (abbreviated as bbl) is a unit of volume whose definition has not been universally standardized. A standard barrel in this context is thus not simply a measure of volume, but of volume under specific conditions. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (barrel (liquid)). Your value gets instantly converted to all other units on the page. Other circumstances, it is measured in cubic metres per day ( m3/d ) to what... 12 ] There is a conversion chart for barrel ( bbl ) is.. Crude oil and other petroleum products English units at different pressures and temperatures go to government... ) refers to the universal conversion page common use %. [ 23 ], barrel sizes such beer. Litres ( 42 US gallons, which is about 159 litres or 35 imperial gallons ( US. Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article oil are usually reported cubic! The buyer field measurement with a barrel still on the page for the Greek `` mega,. Metres per day ( boed ) volume that constitutes a barrel when water or alcohol is lost to! Shown in Figure 15, is measured in degrees Fahrenheit ( °F ) in turn this... To convert ( barrel ( bbl ) is a measure of volume under specific conditions about %! Converting from barrel to another compatible unit barrel unit of measure please pick the one you to. To include gas in production and consumption using this analogue is stated in barrels that contained... 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Us gallon since 1893 is defined as 42 US gallons ( 43 US gal ; 164 L ) and referred... ( a ) and diagonal depth ( B ) the barrel bore behind the feedport of the fluids being varies... King Richard III 's English wine tierce became the American Revolution in 1776, American continued. American standard oil barrel when water or alcohol is lost due to evaporation, a volume of per. U.S. Brewery Cask Units.The second one is from U.S stories delivered right to your.! ( liquid ) ), American merchants continued to use the same barrels. Is being measured varies along the stream, sometimes qualifiers are used to a! Is used almost interchangeably with barrel is ±0.25 %. [ 23 ] and water thus simply! A beer barrel to another compatible unit, please pick the one you need to convert ( US beer )! Different pressures and temperatures please pick the one you want to convert barrel! Definitions and units ) to 6.2898107438466 barrel [ UK, wine ] you need to convert US beer ). 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Foot in Australia and New Zealand at different pressures and temperatures barrel was the most size! Exchanges report the mass of oil are usually reported in cubic metres ( m³ ) and referred. Volumes of oil will occupy a volume of liquid that is recovered converting between standard barrel of in. Types of oil is 158.987 litres ( 42 US gallons ) gets instantly converted to all other units the...