The theobromine and caffeine in chocolate can cause serious cardiovascular problems. Theobromine mainly affects a dog’s guts, heart, central nervous system and kidneys. The dangerous part of chocolate is called theobromine, and while humans can easily process it, dogs can’t. Chocolate contains an ingredient called theobromine (a bit like caffeine), which is toxic to dogs. However, there is a way your pooch can enjoy chocolate aesthetics without all the canine-toxic chemicals that come with it: Just use carob — a dog-safe chocolate substitute — instead. Dogs aren’t able to break down, or metabolise, theobromine like humans can. This slowness is what allows the theobromine to build up in their systems and potentially kill dogs. While rarely fatal, chocolate ingestion can result in significant illness. No, dogs should not eat chocolate, ever and in any amount. Avocados can have toxic effects on dogs depending on the variety. This is because chocolate contains theobromine and caffeine, two stimulants that dogs cannot efficiently metabolize ().If your dog … That is – except for your dog. Theobromine is the predominant toxin in chocolate and is very similar to caffeine. Dogs are capable of handling some chocolate, but it depends on the animal's weight and the type of chocolate it eats. Chocolate contains two ingredients potentially lethal to dogs – theobromine and caffeine. Few dogs eat fatal amounts of … While most owners know that chocolate is toxic to dogs and can kill their pet, generally speaking, most don’t know why chocolate is bad. It is widely known that dogs should never eat chocolate. Theobromine, a caffeinelike molecule that increases blood flow to the brain, is so hard for dogs to process that they can easily eat enough to be poisonous. 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