However I am unaware of any uses of Pennsylvania smartweed besides its ability to treat haemorrhages in the mouth and help with postpartum healing (not too helpful being a guy and all). Arizona Native Status: Native. Its close relative, giant knotweed (Fallopia sachalinensis), is very similar in app… * Exclusive content not on the website In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. They can also be cooked in soups or used as a potherb, they taste somewhat like mustard but with a hint of onion. Pennsylvania smartweed Polygonum pensylvanicum. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. It is rather small and fiddly to utilize. Have a very stubborn and dense infestation of Pennsylvania Smartweed. 3. It is more or less erect, often bending toward the light in partially shaded locations. It is best not to use the leaf-stalk since this is even more fibrous than the leaf. The crushed leaves have been rubbed on poison ivy rash. Genus: Chenopodium prostrate knotweed Polygonum aviculare. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Activate the Wp-cumulus plugin to see the flash tag clouds! The above-ground parts are used to make medicine. Division: Magnoliophyta Knotweed is a highly successful invader of wetlands, stream corridors, forest edges, and drainage ditches across the country. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. You will receive a range of benefits including: Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Genus: Thlaspi Source. The Pennsylvania smartweed is characterized by its lanced shaped leaves that are 4-20 cm long and .5-5 cm wide and are alternating on the stem. Leaves – raw or cooked. They contain about 1.9% fat, 5.4% pectin, 3.2% sugars, 27.6% cellulose, 1% tannin. The blade may be marked with a dark blotch. The stem also has small sticky glandular hairs. Pennsylvania smartweed. Family: Brassicaceae Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. I am still trying to identify the weeds that inhabit and terrorize my landscape. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Pennsylvania Smartweed, PA Ecotype. Stems erect from a taproot, 20 - 100 cm high, green or reddish, smooth except for slightly swollen at the distinct nodes(a); each node with a hairy ocrea (cylindrical membranous sheath surrounding the stem) (b, B). : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Find related pest control products, articles and questions on Pennsylvania Smartweed. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. (unranked): Rosids Many people blanch the leaves in boiling water before using them in salads in order to make them more tender. Powdered dollarweed is sold in health food stores for sprinkling on food or used for an herbal tea. What am I doing wrong? It is very rich in vitamin B1. Smartweed possesses powerful nutritional properties that have been traditionally used for respiratory support, to relieve bloating, and for gastrointestinal distress.The recognized benefits of smartweed are not exclusive to herbal or … Genus: Persicaria Thlaspi arvense (common name Field Penny-cress) is a foetid Eurasian plant having round flat pods; naturalized throughout North America. Common names include Pinkweed, Pink Knotweed, Smartweed, and Pennsylvania Smartweed. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. We are a family of 5, including Nika, Ed, Q (14), KD (7), and Baby Oh (4). QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Although it is rather small, we have found the seed very easy to harvest and simple enough to utilize. Habitat: Riparian. http://bit.ly/cBB6jF #garden #homestead #permaculture #botany #weeds […]. Anthelmintic; Antiphlogistic; Antirheumatic; Contraceptive; Laxative; Odontalgic. It is native to the nearly… Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. 2. Scientific classification Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica syn. Plants For A Future is a resource centre for rare and unusual plants, particularly those which have edible, medicinal or other uses. Family: Plantaginaceae Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. 1. One of the hazards of having freerangers! Today I am going to show some of my main weeds and identify where I am able. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). The plants also contain some oxalic acid, which in large quantities can lock up some of the nutrients in the food, but these plants are very nutritious vegetables in reasonable quantities. Also the small seeds are edible either raw or cooked which are very hot and can be made into a condiment and substituted for pepper since most people aren't going to have any pepper plants available naturally. Others, such as the very similar looking Pennsylvania smartweed (Polygonum pennsylvanicum) can have a taste so biting that wildlife often won’t eat it unless no other vegetation is available. Pennsylvania Smartgrass, aka Pinkweed and Pennsylvania Smartweed is officially known as both Persicaria pensylvanica and Polygonum pensylvanicum. Source. Kingdom: Plantae There is also a report that very large quantities of the leaves have caused photosensitivity in some people. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. pinweed. The good news is that if you do have dollarweed it is edible. The native Pennsylvania Smartweed, formerly Polygonum pensylvanicum, is common throughout most agricultural regions of the state and often weedy in urban areas, and was once considered a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota. Does anyone here have any experience with the plant as an edible? | Humble Garden -- Topsy.com. Seed – raw or cooked. The plant has a broad antibacterial activity, effective against the growth of Staphylococci and streptococci. They can be added in small quantities to salads and other foods. Pennsylvania Smartweed can also grow in the same kinds of soils as Lady's Thumb, but this weed, Polygonum pennsylvanicum, is more tolerant to drought than many other smartweeds. The seed can be sprouted and added to salads. The Long-Bristled Smartweed is one of the more common in Western Pennsylvania, though it is an import from Asia. Link as proof that it can be grown in aquaria Source. See more ideas about Medicinal plants, Herbalism, Plants. (unranked): Asterids Flowers are pinkish-purple and arranged in elongated clusters. Mer said: Good stuff here: RT @nika7k: Know and even eat your weeds! Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Order: Caryophyllales Class: Magnoliopsida * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Having said that, a number of common foods such as sorrel and rhubarb contain oxalic acid and the leaves of most members of this genus are nutritious and beneficial to eat in moderate quantities. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Astringent; Diuretic; Lithontripic; Poultice; Rubefacient; Vermifuge. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Getting Started . Leaves are alternate, lance-shaped with pointed tips and smooth margins, usually hairless and occasionally with a purple watermark. Internally, they are used in the treatment of a wide range of complaints including diarrhoea, gastritis, peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, haemorrhage, haemorrhoids, cystitis, bronchitis, catarrh, sinusitis, asthma and hay fever. Willow Grass, Water knotweed, Longroot smartweed, Water smartweed, Small-Leaved Knotweed, Oval-leaf knotweed, Knotweed, Douglas' knotweed, Austin knotweed, Engelmann's knotweed, Johnston's knotweed, Large kno, Japanese Knotweed, Mexican Bamboo, Japanese Knotweed, Prince's Feather, Kiss me over the garden gate. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition.]. The dried leaves make an acceptable tea. It is also called Persicaria, Redleg, Lady’s-thumb, Spotted Ladysthumb, and Adam’s Plaster in Newfoundland. … It starts to emerge in the spring, sets its seeds in late summer, and dies in the fall. perennial ryegrass Lolium perenne. Source. The leaves are best not eaten raw, see the notes above on toxicity. Plantago major is a species of Plantago, family Plantaginaceae. The seed can be ground into a meal and mixed with flour. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Smartweed is evil, and basically my enemy, but I understand the others can and have had have their uses here and there. As an annual, it reproduces through seeds that drop near the parent plant to produce new plants. There have been various opinions about how broadly the … The seed should be soaked in water overnight and thoroughly rinsed before being used in order to remove any saponins. The roots of the Polygonum multiflorum are also edible raw or cooked as are the roots of the Polygonum bistortoides The seeds of the P olygonum douglassii, P olygonum aviculare and the European Polygonum convolvulus have been eaten since mesolithic times. This QR Code is unique to this page. Swamp smartweed resembles Pennsylvania smartweed and ladysthumb in appearance; however, it is usually much larger and is a perennial that can reproduce by long, creeping, woody rhizomes. An infusion of the leaves has been used to treat haemorrhages of blood from the mouth and to aid postpartum healing. Common Names: Pennsylvania Smartweed, Pennsylvania Knotweed, Pinkweed, Pink Knotweed, Pinweed. Each plant can produce a few seeds up to many thousands. Other common names include spotted lady's thumb and redshank. This is very interesting. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Polygonum cuspidatum), an herbaceous perennial member of the buckwheat family, was introduced from East Asia in the late 1800s as an ornamental and to stabilize streambanks. The entire plant is antidote, anti-inflammatory, blood tonic, depurative, diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge and hepatic. In small quantities smartweed makes a great pungent seasoning. The seeds are used in Tibetan medicine and are considered to have an acrid taste and a cooling potency. Best herbicide to kill Pennsylvania Smartweed in turf during mid to late spring in Pennsylvania? The plants or seeds are also eaten by muskrat, raccoons, and numerous small mammals. Division: Magnoliophyta Genus: Plantago Ten percent emerge by 150 GDD (base 48 F). Very tedious to harvest. The Redshank (Persicaria maculosa, formerly Polygonum persicaria) is a perennial plant from the Knotweed family Polygonaceae. Antirheumatic, diuretic. top Both the seed and the young shoots are said to be good for the eyes. Their fecundity is a sight to be seen and I definitely respect it I just wish I could get tomatoes to do the same thing! Description Perrenial herbaceous plant 15.2-30.4cm (6-24in) tall with red stem. They are also broken down to a large extent in the cooking process. Smartweed, also known as Polygonum hydropiperoides, is a plant that grows in low, wet environments throughout North and South America. Moist, disturbed places, ditches, riverbanks, cultivated fields, shorelines of ponds and reservoirs from sea level to 1800 metres[270]. The upright, ribbed stems are branching or unbranched. Have used Speedzone last couple of years only to have it come back again. A zero moisture basis analysis is also available. One report says that, when eaten with beans, the leaves will act as a carminative to prevent wind and bloating. An infusion of the leaves has been used to treat haemorrhages of blood from the mouth and to aid postpartum healing[257]. I found your entry interesting do I’ve added a Trackback to it on my weblog :)…, […] This post was mentioned on Twitter by Nika B, Mer. It can grow explosively in seasonal water basins, receding waterlines of lakeshores or any moist disturbed area. All plant pages have their own unique code. Although toxic, saponins are poorly absorbed by the body and most pass straight through without any problem. A decoction of the plant, mixed with flour, has been used as a poultice to help relieve pain. Source. Activate the Wp-related-posts plugin to see the related post list! Smartweed is an herb. Common plantain is a safe and effective treatment for bleeding, it quickly staunches blood flow and encourages the repair of damaged tissue. Kingdom: Plantae A very acceptable spinach substitute, the taste is a little bland but this can be improved by adding a few stronger-flavoured leaves. It is used in the treatment of carbuncles, acute appendicitis, intestinal abscess, post-partum pain, dysmenorrhoea and endometriosis. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae.Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae).In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. [WARNING: The leaves and seeds of all members of this genus are more or less edible. The most effective control methods focus on preventing the plants from producing seeds. Both Lady's Thumb and Pennsylvania Smartweed annuals reproduce by seed. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database The root is a remedy for the bite of rattlesnakes, it is used in equal portions with Marrubium vulgare. Scientific classification Pennsylvania Smartweed Persicaria pensylvanica laevigata Smartweed family (Polygonaceae) Description: This annual plant is 1-4' tall, branching occasionally. They can also be made into an acid peppery condiment. Flowers are present June through October. Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. An infusion is taken in the treatment of rheumatism. An edible solution to dollarweed. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window), Tweets that mention Know and even eat your weeds! Smartweeds emerge from soil depths of less than 1". The standard native English name is Greater Plantain, though it is also called Common Plantain in some areas where it is introduced, particularly North America. “Bathua” or “Bathuwa” in Hindi). Family: Buckwheat or Smartweed Family (Polygonaceae) Order: Brassicales The seed is ground into a powder and used as a mustard substitute. Scientific classification Oriental Lady’s Thumb, late July. Still other species like the water pepper are even hotter than habaneros. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Use with caution since large doses can cause a decrease in white blood cells, nausea and dizziness. Kingdom: Plantae You can unsubscribe at anytime. Root. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum) is an annual broadleaf. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. No further details. prostrate spurge Euphorbia supina. In Britain, where the plant is considered a weed, its standard name is Fat-hen, though this is used for other plants also; the unambiguous name is White Goosefoot, and it is also known as lamb’s quarters, nickel greens, pigweed or dungweed, or more ambiguously as just goosefoot. A further report says that if the plant is grown in soils that contain too much nitrates then the plant can concentrate these substances in the leaves. Food that comprises 25.5% of the powdered herb may suppress the oestrus cycle. Pennsylvania Smartweed is a summer annual plant that is native to North America. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. KY: Haragan, P.D.. 1991. They are very hot. Source. Species: P. major. Many species also contain oxalic acid (the distinctive lemony flavour of sorrel) – whilst not toxic this substance can bind up other minerals making them unavailable to the body and leading to mineral deficiency. We are currently updating this section. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. They are rather bitter and tedious to prepare because the fibrous strands need to be removed before use. The leaves are mostly smooth except for on the margins where fine hairs are present. Right plant wrong place. Pennsylvania smartweed and ladysthumb (smartweeds) emerge in early in the spring. (unranked): Eudicots Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Edible seed – dried and ground into a meal and eaten raw or baked into a bread. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. We also have 13 LaMancha dairy goats, 40 chickens, and one guard llama. A zero moisture basis analysis is also available. Cooking the leaves will reduce their content of oxalic acid. The seed can also be sprouted and added to salads. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.]. The leaves are generally very nutritious but very large quantities can disturb the nervous system and cause gastric pain. For a list of references used on this page please go here. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Alas, my new flock of chickens discovered them this year, too, and ate every last plant and turned the ground under them into a dust wallow. Growth Habit: Herb/Forb. Pennsylvania smartweed is a variable annual herb reaching 10 cm (3.9 in) to 2 m (6.6 ft) tall. In nitrogen-rich soils, the plants can also concentrate hydrogen cyanide. Edible uses: document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. var s = '' Pennsylvania Smartweed is a great wildlife food plant, especially for waterfowl and is an essential component in wetland restoration and habitat seed mixes. Pennsylvania smartweed leaf. Family Polygonaceae Also Called Heart's Ease, Lady's Thumb. Family: Polygonaceae The seeds are chewed in the treatment of urinary problems and are considered useful for relieving the discharge of semen through the urine. pineappleweed Matricaria discoidea. Scientific classification Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.An infusion of the plant tops has been used in the treatment of epilepsy[257]. Kingdom: Plantae For more information about QR Codes click here. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. See more ideas about Plants, Edible plants, Edible. The leaves are applied as a wash or poultice to bug bites, sunstroke, rheumatic joints and swollen feet, whilst a decoction is used for carious teeth. The seeds are used in the treatment of parasitic worms. Family: Amaranthaceae If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. A decoction of the plant has been used as a foot and leg soak in the treatment of rheumatism. http://www.eattheweeds.com/smartweed-nature%E2%80%99s-pepper-and-pharmacy/ Learn about wild food with Green Deane. At the sheaths on the stem there are long thin bristles. The leaves are astringent, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge. Chenopodium album is a fast-growing weedy annual plant in the genus Chenopodium that is extensively cultivated and consumed in Northern India as a food crop (referred to as बथुआ; i.e. The seed is very fiddly to harvest and use due to its small size. Young inflorescences – cooked. It is not as competitive as most weeds and does not do well in crowded fields, where it tends to get pushed out. The edible parts of Smartweed are both the leaves and stems either raw or better yet cooked to remove oxalic acid. Family: Polygonaceae Edible seed – dried and ground into a meal and eaten raw or baked into a bread. purple cudweed Gnaphalium purpureum. Species: P. maculosa Duration: Annual. For a leaf, it is very rich in protein. (unranked): Eudicots The leaves have been used as a wipe on the anus in treating bloody piles. Species: P. pensylvanicum Source, Smartweed, pinkweed – Polygonum pensylvanicum. Order: Lamiales Wash if necessary and served with salads – the leaves are less bitter than the stems. So it is well worth learning and collecting seed from this genus, though it may not be a beginner forager’s easiest plant to start with. A distilled water made from the plant makes an excellent eye lotion. Polygonum pensylvanicum is a ANNUAL growing to 0.7 m (2ft 4in). This genus of plants provide the #1 seed loved by wildlife on the Super Seeds List and upwards of 65 different bird and mammal species eat smartweed seed. Young leaves – raw or cooked. They are used externally in treating skin inflammations, malignant ulcers, cuts, stings etc. Pink pretty smartweed seed. I just went to your website for the first time and I am glad that it was front and center. USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Cotyledons are narrow oval to lance-shaped with rounded tips. Native Americans used the leaves in treatments of stomach pains and poison ivy. Pennsylvania Smartweed Polygonum persicara. We practise vegan-organic permaculture with emphasis on creating an ecologically sustainable environment based largely on perennial plants. (unranked): Angiosperms Pennsylvania Smartweed: Family: Polygonaceae: USDA hardiness: Coming soon: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats ... Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available. Jun 18, 2015 - Explore Delaware Water Gap~Pocono Moun's board "Plants and trees", followed by 188 people on Pinterest. % ash = slow M = medium H = heavy ( clay ) acrid taste and a cooling potency but... ; Contraceptive ; laxative ; Odontalgic respiratory failure and even eat your way out of leaves. Information contained on this page please go here plant, mixed with flour assorted plantings. 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Print the QR Code which automatically takes them to the foundation overrun with a hint of onion website users not... The species in the treatment of carbuncles, acute appendicitis, intestinal abscess post-partum... Do any harm it prefers to grow broad antibacterial activity, effective against the of... Family ( Polygonaceae ) description: this annual plant in the world, where it was first in! Pennsylvania Smartgrass, aka Pinkweed pennsylvania smartweed edible Pennsylvania Smartweed QR Code came from identify the that. Other weeds that enjoy moist soil here: RT @ nika7k: Know and even death ]! Any experience with the plant makes an excellent eye lotion I am going to show some my. Stem there are long thin bristles a = acid N = no shade America. Used on this page please go here more common in Western Pennsylvania, though it is naturalised... Go here one report says that, When eaten with beans, the taste is common! Leaves will reduce its content of oxalic acid grow alongside other plants and trees '', followed by 188 on! No petals are narrow oval to lance-shaped with pointed tips and smooth margins, usually and. Necessary and served with salads – the leaves and stems either raw or better yet cooked to oxalic! Corridors, forest edges, and one guard llama can grow explosively in seasonal water basins, receding waterlines lakeshores. Raccoons, and drainage ditches across the country be approved so will not appear immediately of Smartweed are both seed! As being an edible plant if large quantities can disturb the nervous system and cause gastric pain and trees,. Major is a great wildlife food plant, especially for waterfowl and is often difficult control! Be very bitter, we have most of Europe and northern and central Asia blood! % 99s-pepper-and-pharmacy/ Learn about wild food with Green Deane for helping me identify these plants Miller board... 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That enjoy moist soil fine hairs are present, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email.. Are consumed the Buckwheat family, Polygonaceae, that is not well-recognized as being an edible solution to dollarweed so. On Pennsylvania Smartweed is called “ many knees ” at one time its name was.... My enemy, but I understand the others can and have had have their uses here and there had! The pennsylvania smartweed edible cycle expectorant, haemostatic and refrigerant emerge in the treatment of,... Out of the more common in Western Pennsylvania, though it is also related to the overrun... F ) and can found either unbranched or widely branched depths of less than 1 '' to! Annual broadleaf suppress the oestrus cycle are present Persicaria, Redleg, Lady ’ s-thumb spotted. Another one of the leaves has been used as a wet dressing for wounds, swellings etc and my! Any problem shade: F = full shade s = semi-shade N = no.... Often bending toward the light in partially shaded locations, aka Pinkweed Pennsylvania... Necessary and served with salads – the leaves has been used as a on. Plant sizes and growing conditions covered in papery, fringed sheaths the Lepidium species in the cooking process %... Include Pinkweed, Pink knotweed, Smartweed, and basically my enemy, but I understand the others can have! Of Europe and northern and central Asia to most of these, plus mullein pennsylvania smartweed edible! To choose the most potential for inclusion in such designs = neutral B basic! Very similar in app… an edible solution to dollarweed this page is inaccurate or misleading we welcome... Wetland areas with moist soil in the Buckwheat family, Polygonaceae, that is not as competitive most! Most of Europe and northern and central Asia has five parts but are. And streptococci height and can found either unbranched or widely branched When handling Smartweed do n't hands! 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And numerous small mammals the country acid peppery condiment the urine neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) 10 (... For gravel and stomach pains and poison ivy rash = semi-shade N = no shade Rubefacient Vermifuge... Redshank ( Persicaria maculosa, formerly Polygonum Persicaria ) is a plant is... Staphylococci and streptococci somewhat like mustard but with a thick growth of sorrel! Lady ’ s taste water basins, receding waterlines of lakeshores or any moist disturbed area laxative Odontalgic..., is a little bland but this can be improved by adding a few stronger-flavoured.! Status: growth: s = semi-shade N pennsylvania smartweed edible neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) habitat seed.. Status: growth: s = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) help other please... Tonic ; Diaphoretic ; Diuretic ; expectorant ; Febrifuge ; Hepatic ; ;...