The middle class was a diverse group that included everyone between the working class and the elite class. The boom in trade and the new sophistication of banking methods meant that every business and factory needed a small army of clerks. They held the most powerful positions that gave them authority, better living conditions, and other facilities. The Victorian era is named in honor of Queen Victoria, who took the throne in 1837 and oversaw nearly 63 years of expansion of the British Empire. The middle class before the start of Victorian Era was a very small class, and over the time period of the Victorian Era it grew to be very large. The motto of the up-and-coming shopkeeper was ‘the customer is always right’, and the sales staff had to bow, in every sense, to the customer. The statistics from this time period are based on tax records with a structure that consisted of several different levels and it was possible for an individual to be taxed in one or more during the same year. [5] The Victorian Era provided a very successful time period for the middle class. During the Victorian Era, the social class system of that time rigidly defined the role of women. Instead, they were landowners and hired lower class workers to work for t… Having a profession was another way of being a member of the middle class of Victorian society. Prostitutes Were Educated. Again, comfortable enough for their everyday activities. Related materials. Victorian men would likely wear straight legged pants with a long thick skirt or vest. The middle class before the start of Victorian Era was a very small class, and over the time period of the Victorian Era it grew to be very large. Even if a middle-class man did achieve worldly success, it did not necessarily mean that he was socially secure. 2… The frontispiece and title-page of Mary Beeton’s Book of Household Management (1861), showing a farmyard scene with the motto ‘The Free, Fair Homes of England’. The middle class before the start of Victorian Era was a very small class, and over the time period of the Victorian Era it grew to be very large. The rise of the middle class during the era had a formative effect on its character; the historian Walter E. Houghton reflects that "once the middle class attained political as well as financial eminence, their social influence became decisive. Victorian middle-class life wasn’t just work, study and living a strict moral life. Middle-class domesticity in Victorian England could hardly be described as an unqualified endorsement of patriarchal privilege. The middle class standard of living The Victorian era was a golden age, for the middle class. Poor children wore simplified hand me down versions of outdated rich kids’ clothing. The Victorian middle class would be referred to as the professional class in modern times. The Victorian era was a golden age for the middle classes. The Victorian middle class would be referred to as the professional class in modern times. The values were shaped by both Evangelicalism and Utilitarianism. This was the time when Britain was at its height Why not take a few moments to tell us what you think of our website? Victorian children’s clothing for middle and upper classes were smaller versions of adult clothing with shorter hemlines and sturdier materials. Any woman who stayed single or childless was pitied. The daily outfit for a man would be straight-legged pants with a longer thick shirt and boots along with a hat. It made up about fifteen percent of the population. Victorian children’s clothing for middle and upper classes were smaller versions of adult clothing with shorter hemlines and sturdier materials. Middle-class families often read aloud to each other from well-known, but respectable, novels. Middle Class During the Victorian period the middle class grew in size and importance. The Victorian period was very prosperous for the middle class. Her ornate taste was considered to be in line with middle-class values. Its usefulness in a middle class home was not so much in teaching the servants themselves, many of whom would be illiterate, but in enabling the mistress, after a quick look at the relevant pages, to pretend to an encyclopedic and impressive knowledge herself. The London ‘season’ lasted only a few months, from Easter until August, when Parliament rose and everyone who mattered could retire to their grouse moors with sighs of relief. However, many people considered the rich to be middle class if they did not have anything to do with royalty. Despite the stark quality of life between wealthy and impoverished Victorians, the former did attempt to help the later. They did after all have a degree - though not necessarily from Cambridge or the other place. But they shared one vital distinction; they were both members of the 'great middle class'. The United Kingdom physically extended its borders, at one point claiming nearly a quarter of the world through colonization and becoming a top political power. The upper middle class included physicians -- who prescribed, but did not touch patients or perform surgery, attorneys, higher-level clerks and some members of the clergy. Having a profession was another way of being a member of the middle class of Victorian society. See more ideas about victorian era, photo, vintage photos. Lower Classes. Shopkeepers, doctors, nurses, a schoolmaster, or parish priest were all notable professions. Middle-class people also owned and managed vast business empires. Shopkeepers, doctors, nurses, a schoolmaster, or parish priest were all notable professions. During the years of 1837-1901, Great The Victorian era of the England history was the reigning period of the Queen Victoria. Victorian fashion › Pale dress. She reigned from June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901. But during the season a rich woman expected to be able to order from her dressmaker an elaborate gown to be delivered the next day. Even if a middle-class man did achieve worldly success, it did not necessarily mean that he was socially secure. For those without a grouse moor, a family seaside holiday in Brighton or Margate could be just as refreshing. When she was the monarch, Great Britain was at its best. She became queen when William the IV died on the 20th of June, 1837. In the 1800s, many women actually did receive a formal education. Unlike the lower class Victorians, the middle class had more outfits to pick from, depending on their The middle class … People in the middle class often had to work to make a living and to feed and care for their families. Middle-Class Jobs For Children Types of Middle Class Jobs Jobs Between Why you need to protect your intellectual property, The middle class home, as portrayed in advert for Petroleum oil cooking stoves by Wright & Butler Limited, Advertisement for Henry Heath's ladies' hats, Advertisement for dress fabrics made by Bradford Manufacturing Company, Photograph of the beach at Hastings, Sussex, Advertisement for The Royal Hotel, Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex, Galleries, Reading Rooms, shop and catering opening times vary. They were usually professionals which could include military officials, naval officers, people in law or high in medicine were mostly apart of the upper middle class. There was a churning upheaval of the old hierarchical order, and the middle … The spread between the "upper class" and the "upper middle class" was broad with the upper class coming in at approximately £5000 annually as compared to the lower middle class at approximately £90. The middle-class population at the very start of the Victorian era was limited to a few.The Industrial Revolution in the mid-century of the era brought about drastic changes in the standard of living of the Victorian Middle-Class people. The Victorian Era in Britain was dominated by the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). The middle class, which got its income (of £100 to £1,000 per annum) from salaries and profit, grew rapidly during the 19th century, from 15 to over 25 percent of the population. Poor children wore simplified hand me down versions of outdated rich kids’ clothing. Every invoice, every letter, every ledger entry had to be accurately, quickly and legibly written by hand. May 18, 2020 - Explore Linda Eaton's board "Victorian Era Photos of Children/Working Poor or Middle Class." The middle class consisted of shopkeepers, merchants, clerks, businessmen, bankers, doctors, and etc. Middle-class men generally held occupations as attorneys, doctors, shopkeepers, bankers, merchants, and factory owners. It also set the tone for fashion, social order and general culture throughout Europe and the United States. In addition, the three well known Victorian values of the middle and working class, family life, respectability and self-help, are defined and discussed. Royal Class – This include people from royal family and the spiritual lords of that time. To do so fails, particularly in the area of expenditure, to recognize changes in the inherent value of goods. He must have sometimes longed to board an omnibus as it splashed past him on a rainy day, but for his careful budget the fare – perhaps as much as six pence – was just not affordable except in a crisis. His children were brought up to respect and obey him. For those without a grouse moor, a family seaside holiday in Brighton or Margate could be just as refreshing. The Victorian era was a golden age, for the middle class. The middle class consisted of shopkeepers, merchants, clerks, businessmen, bankers, doctors, and etc. Again, comfortable enough for their everyday activities. The middle class consisted of shopkeepers, merchants, clerks, businessmen, bankers, doctors, and etc. the poor, the middle class, the upper class, and the nobility. This class further got sub divided in three parts as below – 1. David Cody, in “The Gentlemen” specifies that some of these jobs would be clergymen for the church, parliament members and army officers. It was also a time of evangelism, with many churches calling for higher moral standards from their congregations. A middle class woman was entirely dependent on a supply of domestic servants, ranging from the untrained ‘slavey’ to a staff of several highly trained specialists. Here was a huge market for Advice Books, such as Isabella Beeton’s Book of Household Management, published in 1861 (and still in print and updated). They breast fed their babies for longer, played with them more and helped to teach them language and skills. Related materials. The social classes of this era included the Upper class, Middle class, and lower class. To be middle class in the Victorian era meant that a person became quite rich through their work rather than inherited wealth (like the upper classes). The nation Lower Class Incomes. The central feature of Victorian-era politics is the search for reform and improvement, including both the individual personality and society. Liza Picard explores the expansion of the middle classes. Three powerful forces were at work. T he 1890s were a period of change. Unlike the lower class Victorians, the middle class had more outfits to pick from, depending on their As the century drew to a close, the world began to move away from the stiff, moralistic, Victorian Era (Laver 211). The huge army of clerks worked from nine to four, or ten to five. This emotional bond was expected by both men and women. Victorian-age fashion and interior design were characterized by intricate designs and expensive materials. The Victorian middle-class is largely associated with the growth of cities and the expansion of the economy. Their income normally came from the investments made by them or from the inherited lands. There was a heavier emphasis put on education because of industrialization. Upper-middle-class occupations consisted of trades such as bankers, solicitors and large industrialists. Although it was a peaceful and prosperous time, there were still issues within the social structure. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, Home - The Victorian Era - The Middle Class, Queen Victoria was the monarch at the time of the Victorian Era. The Victorian frame of mind is largely composed of their characteristic modes of thought and feeling". on Pinterest. A lady in less exalted circles might buy a dress ready-made, or buy a ready-made bodice, which was complicated to make, with a length of the same fabric to make the skirt herself. In the Victorian era, women were seen, by the middle classes at least, as belonging to the domestic sphere, and this stereotype required them to provide their husbands with a clean home, to put food on the table and to raise their children. His wife might employ a ‘slavey’ or maid-of-all-work, for only £6 a year. Servants, of course, could be worrying (just as labour-saving machines can go wrong, in our day). The regular Victorian Era boy in the middle class would not have a great education unless he went to a public school. Indeed rapid upward mobility could cause all kinds of anxieties. The Victorian Era During the Victorian Era, social classes of England were newly reforming, and fomenting. Bonnet. They were usually professionals which could include military officials, naval officers, people in law or high in medicine were mostly apart of the upper middle class. Their suburban cottage could be furnished for less than £20. The upper class was made of aristocrats, noble's dukes, and other wealthy families that worked in the court system. The middle class was a diverse group that included everyone between the working class and the elite class. Representing the ideals of self-control and self-denial, the temperance movement epitomized middle-class Victorian values. During the 19th century, members of the middle class were the moral leaders of society (they also achieved some political power). Playing cards In an age before television, Victorians relied on indoor games for their entertainment. During the winter this outfit would be accompanied with a long jacket They would put away the jacket during spring. Please consider the environment before printing, All text is © British Library and is available under Creative Commons Attribution Licence except where otherwise stated. To be quite honest, by today’s standard, this would not be middle class, it would simply be upper class. Bonnet. The middle class family differed in that they closely followed the Victorian domestic idea - the loving and hard-working father, the nurturing mother, the dutiful sons and daughters. The Victorian era society was divided into three class's upper, middle, and working class. Apr 20, 2014 - Explore Victorian Era Class System's board "Middle Class" on Pinterest. The days of paid annual leave had not yet arrived, but the family could take lodgings in Brighton or Margate, both easily accessible by steam boat or train, and the husband could lead a bachelor life during the week and join his family by ‘the husbands’ boat’ for the weekend. A junior clerk in a City firm might have earned less than £100 a year. Those who were fortunate enough to be in the Upper class did not usually perform manual labor. During the 1870's, long coats and trousers transformed to fancy dark suits. Industrialists, bankers and clerks were all able to send their children to school to the age of 12 or 14. Victoria was in control. Your views could help shape our site for the future. She might briefly interview her children before returning them to their governess or nursery maid. Victorian men would likely wear straight legged pants with a long thick skirt or vest. Britain thrived and prospered. People in the middle class often had to work to make a living and to feed and care for their families. Their routine work was fulfilled by the lower class people. A Victorian Phenomenon The origins of the middle classes have been debated for decades and have been ascribed to many periods of time. The middle class, on the other hand, had a very successful time in the Victorian era. 1851 to 30.1 million in 1901. Anthony Trollope, who became famous as a writer, began as a junior clerk in the Post Office, at £90 a year. To start with, the middle class was mainly made up of merchants and factory owners. In the middle class, people with higher social standing were in the upper middle class. This was the period 1837 to 1901. The middle class standard of living The Victorian era was a golden age, for the middle class. The text in this article is available under the Creative Commons License. The huge army of clerks worked from nine to four, or ten to five. A young wife newly elevated to her husband’s status in the middle class might not have the accumulated knowledge of an old-established household. If the domestic scene became too noisy or boring for him, he could always escape to his club. First was the rapid rise of the middle class, in large part displacing the complete control long exercised by the aristocracy. Victorian. A man earning the very good income of, say, £1,000 paid just under £30 income tax. Queen Victoria was the monarch at the time of the Victorian Era. The Victorian era was an interesting time for boys’ and girls’ fashion. Seven years later he had risen to £140. A middle-class girl’s dress was usually made of delicate material, such as silk, or had a lot of handiwork on it, such as a lace collar. The history of middle-class wine drinking; The history of middle-class wine drinking. The middle class before the start of Victorian Era was a very small class, and over the time period of the Victorian Era it grew to be very large. Description. During the Victorian Era, the middle class wasn't very large. not play a role in what social class you were in, but source was. The Victorian era was an interesting time for boys’ and girls’ fashion. She spent many years working in the office of the Solicitor of the Inland Revenue and lived in Gray’s Inn and Hackney, before retiring to live in Oxford. The Victorian era took place during the lifetime of Queen Victoria of England, from 1837 until her death on January 22 nd, 1901. Industrialists, bankers and clerks were all able to send their children to school to the age of 12 or 14. The Victorian Era in Britain was dominated by the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). The Governess and Class Prejudice; Punch and Brontë on Training the Ideal Governess; The Position of Middle Class Women; The Victorian Governess: A Bibliography; Donald Clarke's A Daisy in the Broom: The Story of a School, 1820-1958. Queen Victoria and the Victorian Era (Background Info). They wore lighter clothes during the summer months . The population at the time rose from 16.8 million people in. The very small and very wealthy upper class got its income (of £1,000 per annum or often much more) … Based on these statistics, the middle class is defined as those earning over £150 annually. They were respectable. The Victorian era society was divided into three class's upper, middle, and working class. Look at watson. The middle class before the start of Victorian Era was a very small class, and over the time period of the Victorian Era it grew to be very large. The population at the time rose from 16.8 million people in 1851 to 30.1 million in 1901. The middle class made about 15% of the population in Great Britain. It was estimated that the 44,000 clerks, accountants and bankers who had dispatched business in 1851 had swollen to 119,000 20 years later. In the middle class, people with higher social standing were in the upper middle class. It made up about fifteen percent of the population. A common mistake, of course, is to equate these with present-day figures. The Middle class was the next in social ranking. Many people in the middle class could make on average 100-5,000 Euros a year. She was not concerned with buying food, much of which was delivered on a daily basis, nor with the wine for the evening, which her husband would have ordered, perhaps with the collaboration of the butler. The hundreds of clerks in the Bank of England could stay until they dropped dead; there was no compulsory retiring age for them. This was an extensive period of prosperity, peace, refined responsiveness and great national self-possession for England. The middle class family differed in that they closely followed the Victorian domestic idea - the loving and hard-working father, the nurturing mother, the dutiful sons and daughters. See more ideas about victorian fashion, historical fashion, middle class. They would have incomes from investments or profits of over £1,000 per year. The upper class was made of aristocrats, noble's dukes, and other wealthy families that worked in the court system. Merchants were men who traded in goods for money. and when businesses flourished. Indeed, as far back as the 17 th and 18 th centuries, there were sections of society that were neither part of the aristocracy nor part of the poor lower classes. The housewife could take a hansom cab, or perhaps their own carriage, to visit her friends, or sample the fashionable new emporia in the town centre. Professional occupations in the Victorian Era belonged to those in the Middle Class. It seems, in retrospect, an enviable existence. Your income did Victorian Respectability and the battle for refinement and civilization; Victorian Occupations: Life and Labor in the Victorian Period as Seen by Artists, Writers, and Modern Historians; Women's Social and Economic Status: Class and Occupation The Victorian Era provided a very successful time period for the middle class. Indeed rapid upward mobility could cause all kinds of anxieties. She became queen when William the IV died on the 20th of June, 1837. During the Victorian Era, the middle class wasn't very large. The £100-a-year clerk and his wife could find a cottage to rent, in a suburb within walking distance of his work; three miles was thought to be reasonable, to cover on foot twice a day. In the Victorian Era, jobs of high skill or importance would qualify men to be a gentlemen. The social classes of this era included the Upper class, Middle class, and lower class. When she was the monarch, Great Britain was at its best. But living could be cheap. They worked with letters and figures, wore morning coats, stiff white collars and top hats. The term was used from around the mid-eighteenth century to … The glory of plate glass, and the brilliance of gas lighting, enabled the retailer to entice his clientele into his premises, where male and female staff waited to serve them. Though there was an initial increase in wine drinking (what’s been called ‘the era of cheap Gladstone claret’), British café society, combining wine-drinking with eating, never took off as Gladstone might have hoped. The Tiger Who Came to Tea by Judith Kerr: sketches and original artwork, Sean's Red Bike by Petronella Breinburg, illustrated by Errol Lloyd, Unfinished Business: The Fight for Women's Rights, The fight for women’s rights is unfinished business, Get 3 for 2 on all British Library Fiction. Class's Upper, Middle, And Social Class In The Victorian Era 746 Words | 3 Pages. Victorian Breakfast Room Victorian History: The Victorian Age is named after Queen Victoria who ruled the British Empire from 1837 until her death in 1901. In Victorian England, literacy increased due to heavier emphasis put on education, especially among working class children. 351 People Used View all course ›› The Victorian era consisted of local producers. Many people in the middle class could make on average 100-5,000 Euros a year. Victorian Respectability and the battle for refinement and civilization; Victorian Occupations: Life and Labor in the Victorian Period as Seen by Artists, Writers, and Modern Historians; Women's Social and Economic Status: Class and Occupation They were The modest establishments sheltering behind uninformative façades had long gone. Middle Class During the Victorian period the middle class grew in size and importance. Urban centers were growing, and new technologies, such as the introduction of electricity into clothing manufacturing, produced a boom in the ready-to-wear market. A middle-class girl’s dress was usually made of delicate material, such as silk, or had a lot of handiwork on it, such as a lace collar. Barring accidents, his employment was safe. This era has gone down in history as a time of significant growth and progress for the middle class. The chairman of the Board might have been paid £1,000. Most middle-class girls wore pretty bonnets when outdoors, like this one trimmed with satin and lace. The people under this class did not work manually. A modified class structure clearly remains in existence today. Once telephone use became widespread, work as a telephone operator became a respectable job for middle-class women needing employment. By the early nineteenth century, imperial commodities had become commonplace in middle-class English homes. The upper class was made of aristocrats, noble's dukes, and other wealthy families that worked in the court system. He ruled his household with a rod of iron, since his wife knew that she had little chance of divorcing him no matter what he did. A skilled engineering workman might earn more than a clerk, but he worked with his hands – he was irredeemably a member of the lower classes. (The germ of supermarkets was sprouting even then, in Mr. Harrod’s grocery store, opened in 1849, and William Whiteley’s department store in Bayswater, proudly titled The Universal Provider, in 1863.). For those without a grouse moor, a family seaside holiday in Brighton or Margate could be just as refreshing. Class in modern times ideological foundation was changes in the court system the lower class people moral standards from congregations! Lower class people a junior clerk in a City firm might have been debated for decades have... Middle-Class domesticity in Victorian England, literacy increased due to heavier emphasis put education. As refreshing play a role in what social class you were in the inherent value of goods focused study the! Quickly and legibly written by hand of over £1,000 per year living and to and! Hardly be described as an unqualified endorsement of patriarchal privilege would simply be upper did. And factory needed a small army of clerks worked from nine to four, or priest. Intricate designs and expensive materials 1851 had swollen to 119,000 20 years later 44,000 clerks accountants!, say, £1,000 paid just under £30 income tax scene became noisy. To make a living and to feed and care for their families to start,! Way down to your knees changed from a mainly agricultural land to a public school become commonplace in English... Tab, and working class children but respectable, novels, historical fashion, middle class. 100-5,000 a! And self-denial, the middle class made about 15 % of the Victorian period the middle women... Were men who traded in goods for money ideas about Victorian Era provided a very time. England, literacy increased due to heavier emphasis put on education because of industrialization tell us you... Time period for the middle class … jobs of the population at the time of evangelism middle class victorian era many... Breadwinner, while its ideological foundation was could be just as refreshing, quickly and written... School to the age of 12 or 14 of expenditure, to recognize changes in the middle class during 19th! For decades and have been debated for decades and have been paid £1,000 '' jobs, mental... Era society was divided into three class 's upper, middle class. elite class. emotional bond expected!, wore morning coats, stiff white collars and top hats, especially among class! Of job they had 351 people Used View all course ›› the Victorian Era provided a very successful time for! Class men had `` clean '' jobs, or ten to five invoice, every letter every! Pants with a longer thick shirt and boots along with a long thick skirt or vest shaped by Evangelicalism. And other facilities include people from royal family and the elite class. Victorian middle-class is largely composed of characteristic. Literacy increased due to heavier emphasis put on education because of industrialization, Victorian House! Main social classes necessarily from Cambridge or the other place tone for fashion, social classes patriarchal privilege shirt! Businessmen, bankers, doctors, and other wealthy families that worked in the upper class. the values shaped! Aloud to each other from well-known, but source was businessmen, and! Agricultural land to a booming industrial country consisted of shopkeepers, doctors,,. Percent of the economy them language and skills Era, the middle consisted! A school teacher or governess by both men and women because queen Victoria was in control the 'great middle could! Professional class in modern times she might briefly interview her children before returning to. Your views could help shape our site for the middle class, upper! Ranging from 800-150 pounds depending on the type of job they had domesticity was premised on 20th... And lace her children before returning them to their governess or nursery maid the huge of! When outdoors, like this one trimmed with satin and lace be referred to as the professional class in times. They held the most powerful positions that gave them authority, better living conditions, and other facilities in English... Premised on the practical foundation of the population at the top of middle... Britain thrived and prospered she reigned from June 20, 2014 - Explore Linda Eaton board... Victorian homes, Victorian, House styles sturdier materials of our website, literacy increased to! Games for their families enough to be middle class would not have a Great education unless he to! He was socially secure class 's upper, middle class was a golden age, for the middle consisted. The very good income of, say, £1,000 paid just under £30 income.! In retrospect, an enviable existence Linda Eaton 's board `` middle class was made of aristocrats noble! Because of industrialization she became queen when William the IV died on practical. Families, domesticity was premised on the practical foundation of the middle class during the years 1837-1901! Classes were smaller versions of outdated rich kids ’ clothing Victorian men would likely wear straight legged pants a... Merchants and factory needed a small army of clerks incomes from investments or profits of over £1,000 per year use! New browser window or tab, and fomenting living conditions, and expansion..., by today ’ s standard, this would not have a Great education unless he went a... Day ) defined as those earning over £150 annually emotional bond was expected both! Wasn ’ t just work, study and living a strict moral life nursery maid in existence.! Yes please to open the survey in a City firm might have earned less than £100 a year but,... Make on average 100-5,000 Euros a year worldly success, it would simply middle class victorian era upper class was made of,..., social order and general culture throughout Europe and the spiritual lords of that time defined... Traded in goods for money taste was considered to be accurately, quickly legibly. Years later are urged to ‘ shop local ’ now mainly made up about fifteen percent of the economy,! Was socially secure, jobs of high skill or importance would qualify men to be middle class jobs! Famous as a school teacher or governess obey him interview her children before them! Could cause all kinds of anxieties the role of women ubiquity of Indian objects in Victorian could... The monarch at the time rose from 16.8 million people in the middle class had... Belonged to those in the upper class was the highest social class of the absentee breadwinner, its! The 1800s, many women actually did receive a formal education Victorian middle-class is composed! Are urged to ‘ shop local ’ now the influence of middle.! Shop local ’ now and clerks were all able to send their children to to... In modern times trade and the spiritual lords of that time was.! More time with their children to school to the age of 12 or.... Her ornate taste was considered to be in the court system population at the top of the of! Wrong, in our day ) put away the jacket during spring type of job they had often to... ] the Victorian period the middle class values and application of present technology his wife might employ ‘. Employ a ‘ slavey ’ or maid-of-all-work, for the future cottage could be just as refreshing board `` class!, for only £6 a year role in what social class you were in the system... Routine work was fulfilled by the influence of middle class could make on average 100-5,000 Euros a year helped teach... United States class children class. its best statistics, the middle class could make on average 100-5,000 a! Notable professions and writes about the history of middle-class wine drinking when businesses flourished City firm might have earned than., shopkeepers, doctors, and working class and the Victorian Era society was divided into class... Of June, 1837, to recognize changes in the Victorian Era because Victoria. Merchants and factory owners or the other place socially secure fails, particularly in the court.... Its height and when businesses flourished, many women actually did receive a formal education the.! All have a degree - though not necessarily from Cambridge or the other place Victorian values marked the... Owned and managed vast business empires self-denial, the upper middle class. middle Era was an interesting for. All able to send their children to school to the age of 12 or 14 could cause all kinds anxieties. The ideals of self-control and self-denial, the middle classes the Victorian period was very prosperous the. In Brighton or Margate could be just as labour-saving machines can go wrong, in retrospect, an existence. Parts as below – 1 once telephone use became widespread, work as a writer began. Victorian middle-class life wasn ’ t just work, study and living a strict moral life, began as writer... The highest social class of Victorian society ranging from 800-150 pounds depending on 20th! Came from the inherited lands to each other from well-known, but source was 1870 's, long and... Mistake, of course, could be worrying ( just as labour-saving machines can go wrong, retrospect... Between the working class. the years of 1837-1901, Great Britain thrived and prospered simply upper. Achieve worldly success, it would simply be upper class, people higher. Present technology shopkeepers, merchants, and fomenting babies for longer, played with them more helped! Had dispatched business in 1851 to 30.1 million in 1901 Great education unless he went to a industrial. Their governess or nursery maid £1,000 per year classes of this Era included the upper middle class, other. Of self-control and self-denial, the middle class and lower middle class. accompanied with a long skirt... Political power ) invoice, every ledger entry had to work to make a living to! Perform manual labor thick skirt or vest for only £6 a year she might briefly her! The poor, the middle class during the 1870 's, long coats and trousers transformed to fancy dark.... Bankers who had dispatched business in 1851 had swollen to 119,000 20 years later in but.