Sima's work influenced the writing style of other histories outside of China as well, such as the Goryeo (Korean) history the Samguk sagi. In his reply, Sima Qian stated that he is a mutilated man with no influence at court. Sima is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls. I find myself in much perplexity. Can we say then that Po I and Shu Ch'I were good men or not? The name Sima means Treasure and is of Hebrew origin.  The structure of the Shiji allowed Sima to tell the same stories in different ways, which allowed him to pass his moral judgements. Empress Lv Zhi 吕雉 (241 BC – 180 BC). Sima is the 7,616 th most popular name of all time. Because in the latter case he was writing about his own times, he did not express his judgements frankly, but used subtle and guarded language.  He started his journey from the imperial capital, Chang'an (near modern Xi'an), then went south across the Yangtze River to How connected were the Chinese clan names. I wished to examine into all that concerns heaven and man, to penetrate the changes of the past and present, completing all as the work of one family. , Sima also broke new ground by using more sources like interviewing witnesses, visiting places where historical occurrences had happened, and examining documents from different regions and/or times.  Furthermore, Sima often questioned people about historical events they had experienced.  Reflecting these rigorous analytic methods, Sima declared that he would not write about periods of history where there was insufficient documentation. The Chinese historical form of dynasty history, or jizhuanti history of dynasties, was codified in the second dynastic history by Ban Gu's Book of Han, but historians regard Sima's work as their model, which stands as the "official format" of the history of China. Born near Longmen ("Dragon Gate") on the Yellow River, around 145 B.C., during China's Han dynasty, Sima Qian (Ssu-ma Ch'ien) is "the father of Chinese history" (sometimes, historiography) -- like the late fifth century father of Greek history, Herodotus. This was about 28% of all the recorded Sima's in the USA. Often called by Chinese scholars as “secondary monarchs,” many empresses played significant roles (good or bad) in different dynasties and affect the course of Chinese history. In particular, archaeological finds have confirmed the basic accuracy of the Shiji including the reigns and locations of tombs of ancient rulers.. Unlike most single- Chinese family names, it is one of the rare. Before Sima, histories were written as certain events or certain periods of history of states; his idea of a general history affected later historiographers like Zheng Qiao (鄭樵) in writing Tongzhi and Sima Guang in writing Zizhi Tongjian. 1.  Sima grew up in a Confucian environment, and Sima always regarded his historical work as an act of Confucian filial piety to his father. The work also covers people of the lower classes and is therefore considered a "veritable record" of the darker side of the dynasty. Unbeknownst to the Greeks and Romans, the Chinese simultaneously developed their own literary historical traditions, best exemplified in the work of Sima Qian, who’s often called the Chinese Herodotus. Before his castration, Sima Qian was recorded to have two sons and a daughter. How different it was from the stories one hears! Sima and his father both served as the taishi (太史) of the Former Han Dynasty, a position which includes aspects of being a historian, a court scribe, calendarist, and court astronomer/astrologer. 僕竊不遜，近自託於無能之辭，網羅天下放失舊聞，考之行事，綜其終始，稽其成敗興壞之理 ... 凡百三十篇，亦欲以究天人之際，通古今之變，成一家之言。草創未就，適會此禍，惜其不成，是以就極刑而無慍色。僕誠已著此書，藏諸名山，傳之其人通邑大都，則僕償前辱之責，雖萬被戮，豈有悔哉！ From such an effort and determination in writing quality work to be used in coming generations, Sima is considered the founder of Chinese history and one of the chief authors of Chinese Historical Tradition. The Letter to Ren An contains the quote, "Men have always had but one death. In 99 BC, Sima became embroiled in the Li Ling affair, where Li Ling and Li Guangli, two military officers who led a campaign against the Xiongnu in the north, were defeated and taken captive. This is the first Chinese calendar whose full method of calculation 暦法 has been preserved. Sima Qian is known to have completed the Records before his death in c. 86 BC, with one copy residing in the imperial capital of Chang'an (modern Xi'an) and the other copy probably being stored in … Here, it means 'boundary, limit'. , The Letter to Ren An was written by Sima Qian in reply to Ren An in response to the latter's involvement in Crown Prince Liu Ju's rebellion in 91 BC. His influence was derived primarily from the following elements of his writing: his skillful depiction of historical characters using details of their speech, conversations, and actions; his innovative use of informal, humorous, and varied language; and the simplicity and conciseness of his style. How many people with the first name Sima have been born in the United States? The most Simas families were found in the USA in 1920. Sima: Baby Name Popularity PER MILLION BIRTHS Otherwise, there are only fragments of the Shiji that are speculated to be authored by Sima Tan or based on his notes.  Sima mentioned after one of his trips across China that: "When I had occasion to pass through Feng and Beiyi I questioned the elderly people who were about the place, visited the old home of Xiao He, Cao Can, Fan Kuai and Xiahou Ying, and learned much about the early days. Although there are many theories regarding the exact dating as well as the true nature and purpose of the Letter to Ren An, one common interpretation suggests that the letter, in part, tacitly expressed a refusal to play an active role in securing a reduced punishment for Ren An. , In writing Shiji, Sima initiated a new writing style by presenting history in a series of biographies. Such a moralizing approach to history with the historian high-guiding the good and evil to provide lessons for the present could be dangerous for the historian as it could bring down the wrath of the state onto the historian as happened to Sima himself.  Around 136 BC, his father, Sima Tan, received an appointment to the relatively low-ranking position of "grand historian" (tàishǐ 太史, alt. According to local legend, Sima Qian had two sons, the older named Sima Lin (司馬临) and younger named Sima Guan (司馬觀), who fled the capital to Xu Village (徐村) in what is now Shaanxi province during the Li Ling affair, for fear of falling victim to familial extermination. Weird things about the name Simas: The name spelled backwards is Samis. Such ignominy can never be wiped away." Sima instead had divided the Shiji into five divisions: the basic annals which comprised the first 12 chapters, the chronological tables which comprised the next 10 chapters, treatises on particular subjects which make up 8 chapters, accounts of the ruling families which take up 30 chapters, and biographies of various eminent people which are the last 70 chapters. He is considered the father of Chinese historiography for his Records of the Grand Historian, a general history of China in the Jizhuanti style (紀傳體) covering more than two thousand years beginning from the rise of the legendary Yellow Emperor and the formation of the first Chinese polity to the reigning sovereign of Sima Qian's time, Emperor Wu of Han. , In 126 BC, around the age of twenty, Sima Qian began an extensive tour around China as it existed in the Han dynasty. Do you need a Middle Name to go along with the baby name, Sima? In 96 BC, on his release from prison, Sima chose to live on as a palace eunuch to complete his histories, rather than commit suicide as was expected of a gentleman-scholar who had been disgraced by being castrated. The Shiji comprises 130 chapters consisting of half a million characters.  It appears that Sima Tan was only able to put together an outline of the work before he died. If even the lowest slave and scullion maid can bear to commit suicide, why should not one like myself be able to do what has to be done? How much should I be reading into these names?  Unlike traditional Chinese historians, Sima went beyond the androcentric, nobility-focused histories by dealing with the lives of women and men such as poets, bureaucrats, merchants, comedians/jesters, assassins, and philosophers. Sima 名字的含义 Sima is a Muslim Girl name and it is an Arabic originated name with multiple meanings. Sima (surname) Sima is a Chinese family name. They changed their surnames to Tong (同 = 丨+ 司) and Feng (馮 = 仌 + 馬), respectively, to hide their origins while continuing to secretly offer sacrifices to the Sima ancestors. Their policies laid great stress upon stratagems and shifts of power. Sima Lun is a Chinese name; the family name is Sima. Sima Tan wanted to follow the Annals of Spring and Autumn—the first chronicle in the history of Chinese literature. The Sima family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1841 and 1920. In … Before compiling Shiji, Sima Qian was involved in the creation of the 104 BC Taichu Calendar 太初暦 (太初 became the new era name for Emperor Wu and means "supreme beginning"), a modification of the Qin calendar.  Some later historians claimed that Sima Qian himself became implicated in the rebellion as a result of his friendship with Ren An and was executed as part of the purge of the crown prince's supporters in court; however, the earliest attested record of this account dates from the 4th century. Sima was the only person to defend Li Ling, who had never been his friend but whom he respected. The minor planet "12620 Simaqian" is named in his honour.  Sima analyzed the records and sorted out those that could serve the purpose of Shiji. Sima is a Muslim Girl name and has Arabic origin.  Likewise, the chapter on Xiang presents him in a favorable light whereas the chapter on Gaozu portrays him in more darker colors. Changsha Kingdom (modern Hunan Province), where he visited the Miluo River site where the Warring States era poet Qu Yuan was traditionally said to have drowned himself.  For an example, Sima tells the story of a Chinese eunuch named Zhonghang Yue who become an advisor to the Xiongnu kings. All but one, the "Rhapsody in Lament for Gentlemen who do not Meet their Time" (士不遇賦) have been lost, and even the surviving example is probably not complete. The name Sima is of African, Scottish origins, which means it has more than one root, and is used in more than one countries and different languages of the world, especially African countries, English speaking countries among others.  The treatises section, the biographies sections and the annals section relating to the Qin dynasty (as a former dynasty, there was more freedom to write about the Qin than there was about the reigning Han dynasty) that make up 40% of the Shiji have aroused the most interest from historians and are the only parts of the Shiji that have been translated into English.. The letter is a reply to a lost letter by Ren An to Sima Qian, perhaps asking Sima Qian to intercede on his behalf as Ren An was facing execution for accusations of being an opportunist and displaying equivocal loyalty to the emperor during the rebellion.  Likewise, Sima in his chapter about the Xiongnu condemns those advisors who pursue the "expediency of the moment", that is advise the Emperor to carry policies such as conquests of other nations that bring a brief moment of glory, but burden the state with the enormous financial and often human costs of holding on to the conquered land.  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