Tell me in the comments! Adding mulch to retain soil moisture is advisable. Typically, you can divide a plant every two to three years without significant damage. In coloration, it can range from rose and mauve through lavenders, blues, and whites as well. Source: RuffLife, A snail on a phlox leaf. Creeping Phlox (Phlox subulata) Candy Stripe Drummond's Pink. Clumps of flowers in tones of pink, red, purple or white are a sign of Phlox paniculata. Pink. Once you’ve finished thinning the stems, pinch off the top of each remaining stem just above a leaf bud to encourage bushier growth. Which types do you want to grow? Great in the rock garden, along walls or pathways. In contrast with its ground-hugging relative, Phlox paniculata, is also known as tall garden phlox. Deer find new phlox stems and flowers to be a tasty snack, and they can wreak havoc on your plants very quickly. If your bed is already infested, this red and black insect can be killed with the use of a pyrethrin spray such as Safer Brand Yard & Garden Spray. Phlox paniculata, ‘Garden Phlox’, ‘Perennial Phlox’, ‘Summer Phlox’, ‘Fall Phlox’, ‘Tall Garden Phlox’. Will cascade or mass together nicely. It has a moderate to fast growth rate. For instance, there is phlox variety tall that is usually used as fence lining. Planning on some phlox for your spring and summer flower beds? The simple blooms are not only pretty, but they're also remarkably plentiful. Once the plant has reached a six to eight inch height, leave at least a half-dozen of the strongest stems, and trim the others back to the base of the plant. Planting mildew-resistant cultivars is also an option, as there are a number of them available now. Creeping phlox is a classic perennial ground cover that's hardy in Zones 3-9. By cuttings for best result. The pure species form of this plant has lavender/purple flowers, but there are many cultivars available with flowers that are pink, red, or white. Some phlox are susceptible to rust. These are most common in forested or woodland areas. These generally develop because of bacteria in the soil that develops when the soil is overly wet. After the blooming period, you can shear back the foliage to create a neater form. Source: mwms1916, Best Lawn Edger: 8 Top-Rated Models To Consider, Phlox, creeping phlox, moss phlox, mountain phlox, moss pink, garden phlox, perennial phlox, summer phlox, fall phlox, tall garden phlox, Drummond’s phlox, annual phlox, thickleaf phlox, woodland phlox, wild blue phlox, wild sweet william, dwarf phlox, spreading phlox, northern phlox, Phlox subulata, Phlox paniculata, Phlox drummondii, Phlox carolina, Phlox divaricata, Phlox condensata, Phlox diffusa, Phlox stolonifera, Phlox adsurgens, and over 50 other species, North America, especially in the United States but also in parts of Canada, Depends on variety, anywhere from 2” to upwards of 5 feet, Full sun, with some varieties accepting partial shade, Tolerates frost, grows well at 40-85 degrees Fahrenheit, Can tolerate humidity but is prone to mildew damage, Rich, well-draining soil with a pH on the alkaline side of neutral. It’s also a good idea even if you don’t mind reseeding, because deadheading encourages more flower growth. To prevent rust from spreading, use a fungicidal spray like Bonide Fung-Onil to wipe it out. Named after its pannicles (clustered blossoms), this plant is often grown as a small shrub, or trained to a bushing habit. Often, people who plant a creeping phlox ground cover have high hopes of a carpet of pretty pink or purple phlox flowers. Vigorous, this Creeping Phlox selection forms a pretty flower carpet and adds a splash of color for about 3-4 weeks. In fact, keeping creeping phlox (Phlox subulata) in a container is a great way to rein in its vigorous spreading tendencies.This fast-growing plant will soon fill a container or hanging basket with purple, pink, or white flowers cascading over the rim.. Insecticidal soaps can be helpful for this problem, though application can be difficult. Strong and vigorous, it forms a lovely … Slightly taller than the dwarf phlox, Phlox diffusa is more commonly found in the wild than in garden settings, although it can be easily transplanted to gardens as well. This encourages a denser matting pattern in the plant and more flowers in the next blooming season. PHLOX, CREEPING ‘Candy Stripe’ (Phlox subulata ‘Candy Stripe’) Spreading 12-24”. The Creeping Phlox (Phlox stolonifera) is a flowering perennial ground cover for sun which provides a carpet of green cover throughout the year.This low-growing type of evergreen plant has trailing stems that help to cover areas of your garden or look good in rock gardens. Other popular cultivars include “Blue Moon”, “Fuller’s White”, and “Clouds of Perfume”. A little more about me. Division and seed also viable. Showy, periwinkle-blue flowers rest on a spreading mound of bright green leaves in early spring. Here is more about our approach. After its bloom period is finished, the tiny foliage remains green for much of the year before dying back in winter. It is native to somewhat dry, rocky or sandy places, open woodland areas and slopes from Michigan, Ontario and New York south to Tennessee and mainly … The term “phlox” originates with the Greek word for “flame”, likely referencing some of the red shades of this plant. Creeping phlox (P. stolonifera) is a familiar spring-blooming creeping plant that is frequently grown in rock gardens, in crevices in stone walls, or planted as a ground cover. Phlox subulata. However, if you do fertilize them, be cautious. Additional Information. Strong northern-grown field divisions sent. It does not need high humidity and generally handles dryness better than most other phlox plants. Home » Creeping Phlox, Mounding Phlox: Easy To Grow Perennial Plants. In fact, it’s easiest to simply use drip irrigation around phlox as it will reduce the risk of powdery mildew or other plant diseases. May house slugs or snails and receive minor damage from them. Nematodes cause lesions on the leaves of the plants that turn brown, then black. This herbaceous perennial is semi-evergreen and is closely related to the familiar upright garden phlox (P. paniculata). The woodland phlox, Phlox divaricata, can be found in forests and fields along the eastern portion of the United States. Klett adds that these phlox appear to be fairly mildew-resistant compared to other phlox in the trial. Divided plants should be examined and any damaged or unhealthy roots should be trimmed off. Phlox are one of the most diverse plants in nature because they fall into one of two groups, creeping phlox or tall phlox. Lambs ear is poking its head out of the mature Phlox. Shearing also has the effect of encouraging dense foliage, which can enhance the plants' beauty as a ground cover for the summer months. Creeping phlox is a sturdy, low-maintenance plant that camouflages an unsightly slope or other difficult areas in the landscape as it rambles between rocks or cascades over a wall. Emerald Blue Moss Phlox is a dense herbaceous evergreen perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Phlox subulata 'Purple Beauty' (Creeping Phlox) is a popular evergreen perennial with masses of starry, purple flowers adorned with deep violet center eyes. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. Fungal leaf spot can also be a problem. With a soft blanket of needle-shaped green and a vibrant show of small pink, white, red, or purple flowers in early spring, creeping phlox makes an easy and strikingly beautiful ground … While both groups feature masses of small florets in a range of vibrant colors, the similarities end there. You can let it spread naturally so it covers a larger area (or simply becomes more brilliant) or trim it back to maintain a neater or smaller form. Creeping Phlox comes in our choice of red, blue, white, or pink. But what if it isn’t? However, these plants do not do well in hot, dry soil, so be sure that the soil remains evenly moist. Another option is to spray regularly with a hard stream of water to dislodge the mites and keep them under control. Good Products To Combat Phlox Pests/Diseases: There are 67 species of plants in the Polemoniaceae family, all of which are considered to be phlox. Compost, aged manure, or leaf moss is fine. Some petal shapes tend to point at the tips, making them look like tiny pink stars. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Creeping phlox, moss phlox, moss pink, mountain phlox, 4 to 6 inches tall; 12- to 24-inch spread, 6.8 to 7.7 (slightly acidic to slightly alkaline), Pink, red, white, blue, rose, lavender, purple. Full sun. Creeping Phlox. Phlox adsurgens, ‘Woodland Phlox’, ‘Northern Phlox’. Wilting phlox is most commonly caused by improper watering techniques. It’s also important to be mindful of what else is around your plants. Pests could be a problem if you live in a very dry or humid place. Garden Phlox are available in a variety of colors -- white, purple, orange, blue, lavender, red, peach, pink, and variegated shades -- with foliage that's typically medium green. If you add an inch or two of compost around your perennial phlox plants once per year, chances are that you won’t have to fertilize them. Plants which develop rot issues should be removed and destroyed to prevent any further spread of the bacteria. All About the Different Types of Phlox Flowers, Aubrieta (False Rock Cress) Plant Profile. Phlox stolonifera gets its name from its stolons, or runners, that make it a creeping phlox variety. To fill in an empty space, you can combine it with other groundcovers like creeping phlox (also evergreen in some zones), creeping sedum, or creeping … This perennial is fairly robust and can tolerate the hot environment created by rocks, gravel, pathways, or other hard surfaces. While it may be difficult to deer-proof the garden, using some form of natural predator scent to deter deer from coming into your yard might be a good idea. Moss phlox (Phlox subulata), also called moss pink and creeping phlox, is a North American species distributed throughout the eastern and central U.S. and grown as an ornamental ground cover in USDA zones 3 through 9.This plant only grows to 6 inches in height but easily resists soil erosion, drought, air pollution and deer. Source: VT Cookie Monster, Four varieties of phlox paniculata. As you can imagine, this makes it a valued plant for a continuous sequence of bloom. creeping phlox white delight Its tiny needle-like leaves remain green in color throughout the year. If you’ve just divided your phlox it’s important to be sure you have rich soil ready to plant in. Colorado Master Gardeners tap into the knowledge of the Gardens and CSU Extension to provide sound scientific research-based horticulture information that is applicable to our diverse and sometimes challenging Colorado climate. Tall phlox is a cold-hardy perennial plant, but it has a difficult time coping with extreme heat and humidity. Growing creeping phlox over a rockery or in tough soil conditions provides a nearly carefree ground cover or cascading plant. Creeping phlox is a perennial evergreen plant that thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8. If the soil is dry for too long, phlox plants have a hard time when an influx of water happens, as they can’t easily take up the soil nutrients or water to replenish themselves. The flowers are so densely packed that it can be ha… Some especially interesting varieties include: Pruning is optional. Hardy to -40°F Maximum Elevation: 8,500 ft. They smother the dark green, needle-like foliage in mid to late spring. These stems might stop growing flowers as the time goes by, so you should trim them occasionally. With petals that tend towards heart-shaped or which have tiny teeth at the edges, creeping phlox is a very popular perennial. Q: The top two inches of my phlox has been chewed off! It’s advised to try to prevent the bug’s appearance by using an insecticidal soap like Safer Soap and by cleaning up plant litter or dead stems. Otherwise, balanced slow-release granular fertilizer in the spring. For shady, moist spots, try Phlox stolonifera for weed suppression. Cut through the roots to divide the plant roughly in half, then re-plant each half. Examine the roots and trim off any unhealthy ones, and then plant it as if it were a divided plant, being sure there’s plenty of room available for expansion. Alternatively, you can skip the pruning and let the plants grow naturally. Little expert knowledge is needed on how to plant and care for creeping phlox. The phlox plant is surprisingly low-maintenance, but there are a few things you can do to guarantee the best results. However, the best bet is to ensure your soil is rich and fertile before planting and add compost or leaf mold annually, and the plant will take it from there. Whether it’s creeping phlox spreading out to become a beautiful ground cover, or a mounding phlox plant in the garden, these delicate flowers are definitely a sight to behold. One of the cultivars of this species, the rose-pink variety known as “McDaniel’s Cushion”, has won an Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. It is named after the Scottish botanist Thomas Drummond. Twelve separate cultivars of Phlox paniculata have gained the Award of Garden Merit. Foliage tends to brown out later in the season. Wonderful ground cover or border. Creeping Phlox loves full sun, flowers profusely in the spring, requires minimal care/watering/soil requirements & although weeds can grow within the mat the Creeping Phlox forms, it's a simple a matter of pulling out the few that I do get. Too much nitrogen can cause these plants to produce lots of leaves and fat stem growth instead of the pretty white, purple, blue, pink and red phlox flowers that we want to see! Broadcasting a balanced granular option around your plants as they’re putting up new spring growth is perfect. Creeping phlox reaches, at most, 6 inches in height and can spread up to 2 feet to form a dense mat. Phlox subulata, commonly called moss phlox, moss pink, mountain phlox or creeping phlox, is a vigorous, spreading, mat-forming, sun-loving phlox that grows to only 6 tall but spreads to 24 wide. Shorter, creeping phlox varieties like Phlox subulata and Phlox stolonifera should be trimmed back once they’ve finished flowering. A popular variation is the variegated “Twinkle Star” variety, which ranges from pale pink to hot pink in color. Fort Hill Moss Phlox is smothered in stunning lightly-scented pink star-shaped flowers at the ends of the stems from early to late spring. (A closely related plant that sometimes goes by the same common name is P. subulata, which is native to the Appalachian region). Can creeping phlox be planted in containers? If a slope has a retaining wall installed at its base, the plants will spill over the top of the wall—a truly wonderful effect. Height: 4"-6" Spread: 12"-24" Bloom Color: White, pinks, blue, lavender. It requires minimal care, a medium amount of water, a bit of seasonal pruning, and perhaps a sprinkle of fertilizer once yearly. But creeping phlox is more prone to fungal diseases like powdery mildew and southern blight. Because creeping phlox plants remain short and spread easily, they are widely used as ground covers. The cream and green variegated foliage of 'Norah Leigh' is an unusual characteristic for tall phlox. To propagate creeping phlox plants, simply divide them in spring, immediately after they are finished blooming. However, Phlox subulata requires full sun conditions for best performance, and so shadier environments can make for weedier, less-full growth and a distinct lack of floral display. If the center of the phlox is starting to die back, carefully dig up the plant, divide it into multiple smaller plants, and replant it to allow for more root growth. Let’s explore some of the diversity of phlox species today, as well as go over the best way to ensure you have a proliferation of bright blooms throughout the year! Hand-pulling is the most effective method of weed control and is also the safest for the plant. This also gives you the ability to amend your soil at the same time, working more compost or aged manure into it to ensure it’s nutrient-dense. However, areas which get hot may require more water for the plants. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Be careful not to overwater, as that can damage roots and actually cause the plant to start to drown and wilt from too much water! These include both the border species like Phlox carolina and most of the woodland species. It originates in the eastern and central United States, and can be found in eastern Canada as well. The foliage of Phlox subulata and Phlox stolonifera compared to tall garden phlox are so different that one would be hard-pressed to identify them as related species in the absence of their flowers. If so, they’re quite likely the culprit. Deadheading the spent phlox flowers is essential to prevent accidental reseeding of the plant. It's best to start managing weeds early in the season before the phlox blooms or its foliage is at its fullest. Sprinkle some Garden Safe Slug & Snail Bait around and through your phlox patch to deter these common pests. The “Chattahoochee” cultivar of Phlox divaricata spp. These soil organisms are hard to control. Blooms in spring. This spray also works well on persistent cases of leaf spot. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? Pink, purple or white in petal color, this variety is most commonly found in the wild. Creeping phlox produces long stems that are green when new, but turn brown and woody with age. Creeping juniper looks nice when paired with other evergreens of varying height and colors. These easy-to-grow perennials are often the backbone of summer borders, although their striking, often fragrant flower clusters are equally gorgeous in open sunny areas. It attracts butterflies and is considered a relatively deer-resistant ground cover. Any of the mounding varieties, such as Phlox paniculata, prefer full sun. A native to Texas, Phlox drummondii is also widely spread across the southeastern United States. As with many ground covers, grass and weeds growing up through the plant can be a nuisance. Thankfully, this too can be treated by regular applications of neem oil. While I can’t cover them all in one fell swoop, let’s go over a few of the more popular varieties. Potted creeping phlox is beautiful and, once planted, requires minimal care. Attracts butterflies. The Creeping Phlox grows about 4 inches tall, stays green all year (in mild climates) and gives masses of color in early spring. It seems to prefer rockier, well-draining soils. To prevent spider mites on phlox, a thorough spraying of neem oil on all plant surfaces will take them out. Whether you are looking for a water-thrifty addition to flow through a rock garden, or a beautiful way to highlight a spring-blooming bulb collection, 'Purple Beauty' will add pollinator-friendly, drought-tolerant spring beauty to your garden. If you’ve done all of the stuff I mentioned above, it’s likely that your phlox is thriving. Partial shade or full sun. However, most of the phloxes that grow wild throughout North America tend towards lighter hues. This also works well against aphids, which are another very common pest on phlox. Consider the length of the growing season, soil characteristics, and exposure before selecting ground covers and rock garden plants for mountain gardens. Phlox subulata is also known as Creeping Phlox, … Perfect for rocky areas, slopes and flower borders. Some of them are dwarf plants that are essentially mildew resistant. Not only are the individual blooms pretty, but there are also so many of them that the display is truly something special to behold. Source: cultivar413, A closeup view of phlox subulata stems and leaves. A plant which normally would bloom until midsummer may be able to continue flowering well into the fall if it’s regularly deadheaded. Rock Cress ) plant Profile petals that tend towards lighter hues on all plant surfaces to 2 feet form! Looks elegant crawling over rocks and tumbling over walls in gardens a cold-hardy perennial,! 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