[11] Burundi and Rwanda joined the EAC on 6 July 2009. The platform is designed as a one-stop shop for the information needs of African women in business. Kenya, the region's largest exporter, continued to pay duties on goods entering the other four countries on a declining scale until 2010. Box 1096 Arusha United Republic of Tanzania Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100 Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190 Email: eac@eachq.org [61], The free movement of people in the EAC is set to be improved with the introduction of "third generation" ID cards. Reuters considers South Sudan the likeliest candidate for EAC expansion in the short term,[23] and an article in Tanzanian daily The Citizen that reported East African Legislative Assembly Speaker Abdirahin Haithar Abdi said South Sudan was "free to join the EAC" asserted that analysts believe the country will soon become a full member of the regional body. ", East African trade zone off to creaky start, We Celebrated at EAC Collapse, Says Njonjo, "South Sudan: Big trading potential for EAC", "South Sudan: Rwanda Hopeful of South's Strategic Link to North Africa", "South Sudan to link to Kenya oil pipeline", "South Sudan needs African neighbours to survive", "South Sudan delays membership in regional bloc", "Uganda says South Sudan likely to join EAC in 2014", "Ugandan MPs oppose South Sudan joining East African community", "Tanzania warms up to South Sudan membership", "allAfrica.com: East Africa: EAC to Decide On South Sudan Admission by April 2014". [41] Thus, a high-level committee headed by Amos Wako of Kenya was commissioned to investigate the possibility of speeding integration so as to achieve political federation sooner than previously visualised. [10], Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda have cooperated with each other since the early 20th century. Following independence, the East African High Commission is replaced by the East African Common Services Organisation (EACSO), which many observers thought would lead to a political federation between the three territories. These cards will identify the holder as a dual citizen of their home country and of "East Africa". [43] Tanzania has more land than all the other EAC nations combined (at least until the accession of South Sudan), and some Tanzanians fear landgrabs by the current residents of the other EAC member nations.[44][45][46]. The Role of the East African Community(EAC) in Africa's Regional Integration Initiative. [41], The establishment of a common market will create both winners (numerous food producers and consumers on both sides of all borders) and losers (smugglers and the customs, police and local government officers who currently benefit from bribery at and around the borders) in the border areas. © 1999 - 2020  East African Community. East African Community Jobs - Recruiting Accountants (REF: EAC/HR/2015-2016/042) The East African Community is a regional intergovernmental organisation comprising the Republic of Burundi, the Republic of Kenya, the Republic of Rwanda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda with its Headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. across Africa, connecting also to Europe and India. [24], On 17 September 2011, the Daily Nation quoted a South Sudanese MP as saying that while his government was eager to join the EAC, it would likely delay its membership over concerns that its economy was not sufficiently developed to compete with EAC member states and could become a "dumping ground" for Kenyan, Tanzanian, and Ugandan exports. [41], It is informal trade across borders that is most often important to rural livelihoods and a customs union is unlikely to significantly impact the barriers that this faces and taxes are still being fixed separately by countries. [41] This represents a significance decrease from what was previously the maximum in Kenya (35%), Tanzania (40%) and Uganda (15%). This follows an Extra-Ordinary Meeting for the Sectoral Council of Ministers of Health on the COVID-19 pandemic to prevent and stop any further spread of the disease in the region. The Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community was signed by the three Presidents of the Republic of Kenya, Republic of Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania on 30th November, 1999. [66], The new treaty was proposed with plans drawn up in 2004 to introduce a monetary union with a common currency, the East African shilling, some time between 2012 and 2015. Only East African nationals may apply to be issued with the passports. We collected up to 205 ads from hundreds of job boards for you! upon completion the Bagamoyo port under construction in Tanzania will be the second largest port in Africa, with a capacity to handle 18.9 million cargo containers a year. Enhancing free movement of all factors of production across the Partner States. [48], Sudan applied to join the EAC in 2011, but its membership is strongly opposed by Tanzania and Uganda. EAC guides the free movement of goods, people, labour, services and capital from one Partner State to another as well as the rights of establishment and residence without restrictions. The Treaty entered into force on 7 July 2000 following the conclusion of the process of its ratification and deposit of the Instruments of Ratification with the … Category: Health, Pandemic Preparedness, PanPrep Project Publications Type: Report, EAC Gazette | Vol. The visa proposal followed an appeal by the tourist boards of the partner states for a common visa to accelerate promotion of the region as a single tourist destination and the EAC Secretariat wanted it approved before November's World Travel Fair (or World Travel Market) in London. It came into force on 7 July 2000, 23 years after the collapse of the previous community and its organs. All Rights Reserved, Access to afforable and efficient transport, energy, and communication for increased regional Competitiveness, Enhanced Agricultural productivity for food security and transformed rural economy. Arusha — The East African Community (EAC) and its organs will now be compelled to agree on the bungled budget for 2020/2021. [8] This legislation may take up to five years for each of the countries to enact fully but official recognition of the common market took place on 1 July. East African Community vision 2050: regional vision for socio-economic transformation and development View/ Open EAC Vision 2050 FINAL DRAFT OCT- 2015.pdf (2.133Mb) An intraregional division of labour is developing that results in basic import-processing relocating to the coast to supply the hinterland. [35] It had six months to ratify the agreement, which it did on 5 September, at which point it formally acceded to the community. [17] A process of re-integration was embarked on involving tripartite programmes of co-operation in political, economic, social and cultural fields, research and technology, defence, security, and legal and judicial affairs. [50] The application was considered by the EAC Heads of State in December 2012, which requested that the EAC Council work with Somalia to verify their application. Under the proposal for the visa, any new EAC single visa could be issued by any member state's embassy. [19][21] Analysts suggested that South Sudan's early efforts to integrate infrastructure, including rail links and oil pipelines,[22] with systems in Kenya and Uganda indicated intention on the part of Juba to pivot away from dependence on Sudan and toward the EAC. Kenya exports financial services, for example via the Kenya Commercial Bank and purchase and upgrading of local operators in Tanzania, Uganda and Sudan. & Tech., Energy, Natural Resources, & Environment, New Partnership for Africa's Development E-School Program, Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Economic Community of Central African States, Economic Community of West African States, "Development and Promotion of Extractive Industries and Mineral Value Addition", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "A political union for east Africa? The new organisation ran into difficulties because of the lack of joint planning and fiscal policy, separate political policies, and Kenya's dominant economic position. [63] Mutual recognition and accreditation of higher education institutions is also being worked towards as is the harmonisation of social security benefits across the EAC. [9], In September 2018 a committee was formed to begin the process of drafting a regional constitution. [49], Representatives of Somalia applied for membership in the EAC in March 2012. [citation needed], The key aspects of the customs union include:[41], Different rates are applied for raw materials (0%), intermediate products (10%) and finished goods (25%), the latter percentage is fixed as the maximum. The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organisation composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. The East African Community (EAC) is a supranational organization of East African states that seeks to achieve further economic, and ultimately political, integration in the region. The multinational firms with their regional headquarters in Nairobi include Google, Coca-Cola, and Toyota. The East African Monetary Union Protocol provides for the attainment of a single currency for daily transactions within the Common Market. [41] There has been an argument, however, that there are high costs that would be required at the beginning and that fast-tracking the project would allow the benefits to be seen earlier. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 21:38. [59] Kenya expects that its citizens will begin to enjoy freedom of movement in the EAC within two months. [79] Processing of applications for the passports will normally take two to three weeks. - You say you want a federation", "FACTBOX-East African common market begins", "East African trade bloc approves monetary union deal", "Ready for a United States of East Africa? Achievements of the East African Community. [41] The findings suggest an increase in intraregional trade that is largely the result of trade diversion, not trade creation, with some aggregate welfare benefits in Kenya and Tanzania but welfare losses in Uganda. [65], Many of the EAC's largest firms are headquartered in Nairobi, including Kenya Airways, the Nation Media Group, and the Kenya Commercial Bank Group. After settling down … [18], The presidents of Kenya and Rwanda invited the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan to apply for membership upon the independence of South Sudan in 2011,[19][20] and South Sudan was reportedly an applicant country as of mid-July 2011. Following independence, these integrated activities were reconstituted and the EAHC was replaced by the EACSO, which many observers thought would lead to a political federation between the three territories. The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) is the legislative arm of the community. 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